Palestrina/orch. Stokowski “Adoramus te“*
Ravel Le Tombeau de Couperin
Stravinsky Suite from Pulcinella
Bach/orch. Stokowski Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor
Bach/orch. Stokowski Fugue in G Minor (“Little”)*
Bach/orch. Stokowski Toccata and Fugue in D minor
*Indicates SPAC Premiere
Leopold Stokowski, known for his long association with The Philadelphia Orchestra, was a cultural pioneer, bringing the latest in art and music to Philadelphia in the early 1900s and presenting it in bold, new ways – most notably his incredible interpretations of famous baroque works.
This robust program features Bach’s Toccata and Fugue in D, which has become a vastly popular piece, especially in the horror genre, and has been prevalent in pop culture since well before the sound film era. Although it has been a revered work in the classical cannon for more than a century, Bach’s Toccata and Fugue in D saw renewed popularity from an arrangement by Stokowski and The Philadelphia Orchestra used in the 1940 animated film Fantasia.
- The highly idiosyncratic orchestration created in Pulcinella was something new at the time – not an original composition, but more than just an arrangement – and proved to be one of the most important artistic movements of the twentieth century, with effects that continue to resound today.
- Because there are so many elements of the Tocatta and Fugue that are uncharacteristic of Bach, scholars believe that it was neither originally written in D minor, nor for the organ. Instead, they believe it was written for violin or harpsichord. There are some that don’t even believe the piece was written by Bach at all.
- Although most would view this as a serious, bold, and dramatic piece, those who originally heard the Toccatta viewed it quite differently. Even though the work’s famous opening drew attention and praise from critics and audiences alike, it was generally admired as an example of Bach’s sense of humor.
Read more here:
- Pulcinella Suite: https://www.redlandssymphony.com/pieces/pulcinella-suite
- Bach – Toccata and Fugue in D minor: https://www.classicfm.com/composers/bach/music/toccata-and-fugue-d-minor/
- Bach: Toccata and Fugue in D minor: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/musicapp_historical/chapter/1-9-3-toccata-and-fugue-in-d-minor/